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BTS Releases August 2014 U.S. Airline Traffic Data

BTS Releases August 2014 U.S. Airline Traffic Data

The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) reported today that U.S. airlines carried 69.3 million systemwide (domestic and international) scheduled service passengers in August 2014, 2.4 percent more than in August 2013.

» Aviation - W | Tuesday, November 18, 2014 • Air News Times
The systemwide total was the result of a 2.5 percent increase in the number of passengers on domestic flights (59.6 million) and a 1.6 percent increase in passengers on U.S. airlines’ international flights (9.8 million) (Tables 1, 7, 13).
 
 
 U.S. airlines carried 514.4 million systemwide (domestic + international) scheduled service passengers during the first eight months of 2014, 2.3 percent more than during the same period in 2013 (Table 2). Domestically, U.S. airlines carried 444.8 million passengers, up 2.2 percent from 2013 (Table 8). Internationally, they carried 69.5 million passengers, up 3.2 percent from 2013 (Table 14). See Tables 2, 8 and 14 of Air Traffic Press Releases for previous-year data.
 
 
Load Factor
 
The August 2014 systemwide load factor (86.4 percent) was up from 86.1 in August 2013 but down from the August record high of 86.5 in 2012. Load factor is a measure of the use of aircraft capacity that compares demand, measured in revenue passenger-miles (RPMs), as a proportion of capacity, measured in available seat-miles (ASMs). Systemwide demand grew more from August 2013 to August 2014 (up 2.3 percent) than the growth in capacity (up 2.0 percent) (Table 1). The domestic load factor (86.8) was a record high for the month of August, topping the previous high of 86.6 set in 2012. Domestic demand grew faster from August 2013 to August 2014 (2.7 percent) than capacity (1.3 percent), resulting in the higher load factor (Table 7).
 
The international load factor (85.5) declined from 87.2 percent in August 2013 which was the highest August international load factor on record. International demand rose 1.4 percent from August 2013 to August 2014 but was outpaced by 3.4 percent growth in capacity, resulting in the lower load factor (Table 13).
 
For the eight-month January-August period, systemwide (84.1) and domestic (85.3) load factors were at all-time highs, exceeding the previous highs in 2013. The international load factor (81.6) was down from 2013.
 

Month of August Trends
 
Systemwide: For the month of August, the 2014 systemwide passenger total (69.3 million) was the second highest on record but below the all-time high in August 2007 (71.3 million). Demand, measured in RPMs, was at the highest August level, exceeding the previous record high set in 2013. Demand has exceeded pre-recession levels every month of 2014 except February. Capacity, measured in ASMs, was at the highest August level, exceeding the August 2007 level.
 
Domestic: The August 2014 domestic passenger total (59.6 million) was the highest since the end of the recession but below the all-time high in August 2007 (62.7 million). Demand, measured in RPMs, reached an all-time high for August, exceeding the previous high in August 2007. Capacity was the highest since 2008 but was below the all-time August high reached in 2007.
 
International: The number of passengers, demand and capacity on U.S. airlines’ international flights were the highest on record for the month of August, exceeding the previous highs in August 2013.
 
Additional traffic data can be found on the BTS Airlines and Airports page.  Click on a link in the Quick Links box on the right.  For additional U.S. carrier passenger and freight data since 1996, see Traffic on the BTS website.
 
Top Airlines

Monthly: In August, Delta Air Lines carried more systemwide passengers than any other U.S. airline (Table 4). Southwest Airlines carried the most passengers on domestic flights (Table 10). United Airlines carried the most passengers on international flights (Table 16). The top 10 U.S. airlines carried 81.8 percent of systemwide passengers, up from 80.5 percent carried by the U.S. airlines that were in the top 10 in August 2013.
 
Year-to-date: During the first eight months of 2014, Delta carried more systemwide passengers than any other U.S. airline (Table 3). Southwest carried the most passengers on domestic flights (Table 9). United carried the most passengers on international flights (Table 15). The top 10 U.S. airlines carried 81.3 percent of systemwide passengers, up from 80.6 percent carried by the U.S. airlines that were in the top 10 during the first eight months of 2013.
 

Top Airports         
 
Monthly: In August, more total systemwide passengers boarded U.S. carriers’ planes at Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson International than at any other U.S. airport. More domestic passengers boarded planes at Atlanta than any other U.S. airport, while more international passengers boarded U.S. carriers at New York JFK (Tables 6, 12, 18).
 
Year-to-date: During the first eight months of 2014, more total systemwide passengers boarded U.S. carriers’ planes at Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson International than at any other U.S. airport. More domestic passengers boarded planes at Atlanta than any other U.S. airport, while more international passengers boarded U.S. carriers at Miami (Tables 5, 11, 17).
 

Reporting Notes
     Data are compiled from monthly reports filed with BTS by commercial U.S. air carriers detailing operations, passenger traffic and freight traffic. This release includes data received by BTS from 83 carriers as of Nov. 4 for U.S. carrier scheduled civilian operations.
 
Southwest and AirTran Airways are reporting as separate carriers with the exception of their financial reports. They have one FAA SOC (single operating certificate), requiring that they utilize the same safety/operating procedures, but they have separate DOT economic certificates, meaning they remain operating as separate economic entities.
 
Go to http://www.transtats.bts.gov/releaseinfo.asp for the complete list of reporting and non-reporting carriers. U.S. carriers’ foreign point-to-point flights are included in system and international totals. To create a customized table for passengers, flights, RPMs, ASMs and other data, including non-scheduled service, go to http://apps.bts.gov/xml/air_traffic/src/index.xml#CustomizeTable
 
For additional scheduled service numbers for U.S. airlines, U.S. and foreign airlines, by airline and by airport, see Passengers, Flights, Revenue Passenger-Miles, Available Seat-Miles and Load Factor.
 
Traffic numbers are available on the BTS website at TranStats, the Intermodal Transportation Database, at http://transtats.bts.gov. Click on “Aviation.” For systemwide passengers, RPMs and ASMs by carrier through August, click on “Air Carrier Summary Data (Form 41 and 298C Summary Data),” and then click on “Schedule T-1.” Use crosstabs to find scheduled service.
 
For domestic numbers through August and international numbers through May by origin as well as by carrier, click on “Aviation,” then click on “Air Carrier Statistics (Form 41 Traffic).” Click on “T-100 Market” for system passenger numbers, “T-100 Domestic Market” for domestic or “T-100 International Market” for international. For flights, stage length and trip length, use the appropriate T-100 Segment database. Use crosstabs to find scheduled service.
 
International totals in this press release consist of all U.S. carrier operations to and from the U.S. and from one foreign point to another foreign point. TranStats T-100 systemwide and international totals do not include those U.S. carriers’ foreign point-to-point flights. For August, U.S. carriers reported 139,922 foreign point-to-point passengers. For January through August, U.S. carriers reported 1,222,856 foreign point-to-point passengers.
 
Data are subject to revision. BTS has scheduled Dec. 11 for the release of September traffic data. None of the data are from samples so measures of statistical significance do not apply. 
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